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Calling all Berkshire Hathaway shareholders! Get ready to dive deep into the world of insurance underwriting with this captivating article. Discover the dual decision-making process that drives Berkshire Hathaway's success, explore the evaluation of performance, and unravel the impact of accounting standards. With fascinating insights and intriguing numbers, this article is a must-read for shareholders looking to navigate the waves of the insurance industry and understand Berkshire Hathaway's strategic direction. So grab a cup of coffee and get ready for a thrilling journey through the world of insurance underwriting.

Navigating the Waves: A Deep Dive into Berkshire Hathaway Insurance Underwriting Q2 2023 Overview


Berkshire Hathaway, a multinational conglomerate holding company, is known for its diverse portfolio of businesses, with insurance underwriting being a significant part of its operations. The company's insurance businesses, which include GEICO, BH Primary, and BHRG, are involved in both underwriting and investing activities. As shareholders, understanding the intricacies of these activities and their impact on the company's performance is crucial. This article provides a comprehensive overview of Berkshire Hathaway's Insurance Underwriting for Q2 2023, shedding light on the decision-making process, performance evaluation, and financial results.

Section 1: The Dual Decision-Making Process

At the heart of Berkshire Hathaway's insurance operations lies a dual decision-making process. Underwriting decisions are made by unit managers who are well-versed in assessing risks and determining appropriate premiums. On the other hand, investing decisions are made by Warren E. Buffett and corporate investment managers, who are responsible for allocating the company's vast financial resources to generate returns.

This division of responsibilities has historical roots. When Buffett took over Berkshire Hathaway in the mid-1960s, he recognized the value of insurance 'float' - the money temporarily held by insurance companies before claims are paid out - as a source of funds for investment. This strategic insight has been a cornerstone of Berkshire Hathaway's success, allowing it to invest in a wide range of businesses and securities over the decades.

The dual decision-making process also reflects the distinct nature of underwriting and investing activities. Underwriting requires deep industry knowledge and risk management skills, while investing involves a broader view of the economy and financial markets. By separating these responsibilities, Berkshire Hathaway ensures that each area is handled by experts in their respective fields.

Section 2: Evaluating Performance

Berkshire Hathaway evaluates the economic performance of its underwriting operations separately from its investment income and gains/losses. This is because investment income is considered an integral component of insurance operating results, reflecting the returns generated from the investment of premiums and reserves. In contrast, investment gains and losses are considered non-operating, as they arise from changes in market prices rather than the company's insurance operations.

The company's underwriting results can be significantly impacted by catastrophe losses, particularly for its reinsurance businesses. This was evident during the 2008 financial crisis when Berkshire Hathaway's reinsurance operations incurred substantial losses due to a surge in claims . However, the company's robust risk management practices and diversified business portfolio helped it weather the storm and bounce back stronger.

Changes in estimates for unpaid losses and loss adjustment expenses can also significantly affect underwriting results. For instance, if actual claims turn out to be higher than estimated, the company may need to increase its loss reserves, reducing underwriting profits. As of June 30, 2023, Berkshire Hathaway's unpaid loss estimates, including retroactive reinsurance contracts, were approximately $143 billion.

Section 3: Unveiling the Numbers

Berkshire Hathaway's insurance businesses consist of GEICO, BH Primary, and BHRG. Each of these businesses has its unique strengths and challenges, contributing to the company's overall underwriting performance.

In Q2 2023, GEICO had pre-tax underwriting earnings of $514 million, a remarkable turnaround from a loss of $487 million in Q2 2022. This improvement can be attributed to a combination of factors, including favorable loss trends and operational efficiencies. BH Primary, which includes Alleghany Corporation, RSUI, and CapSpecialty, reported pre-tax underwriting earnings of $272 million in Q2 2023, up from $242 million in Q2 2022. BHRG, which includes TransRe Group, had pre-tax underwriting earnings of $827 million in Q2 2023, although this was lower than the $1,141 million earned in Q2 2022.

The net underwriting earnings for Q2 2023 were $1,247 million, compared to $715 million in Q2 2022. This increase reflects the company's strong underwriting performance across its insurance businesses. However, the effective income tax rate for Q2 2023 was 22.6%, higher than the 20.1% rate in Q2 2022.

Section 4: Unraveling the Impact of ASU 2018-12

BHRG's pre-tax underwriting earnings for Q2 2023 increased $174 million from the previous reporting due to the adoption of ASU 2018-12, an accounting standard update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). This update changed the accounting for long-duration insurance contracts, such as life insurance and annuities, affecting the recognition of profits and losses.

The adoption of ASU 2018-12 reflects Berkshire Hathaway's commitment to transparency and compliance with regulatory changes. It also underscores the importance of understanding the impact of accounting standards on the company's financial results. While accounting rules can seem arcane, they play a crucial role in shaping a company's reported earnings and financial position.

Section 5: Looking Ahead

Looking ahead, Berkshire Hathaway aims to produce pre-tax underwriting earnings over the long term in all business categories, except for retroactive reinsurance and periodic payment annuity contracts . This goal reflects the company's focus on sustainable profitability, rather than short-term gains.

However, achieving this goal will not be without challenges. The insurance industry is becoming increasingly competitive, with new entrants leveraging technology to disrupt traditional business models. Moreover, the risk landscape is evolving, with emerging risks such as cyber threats and climate change posing new challenges for underwriters.

Despite these challenges, Berkshire Hathaway is well-positioned to navigate the waves. With its experienced management team, robust risk management practices, and diversified business portfolio, the company is equipped to seize opportunities and mitigate risks in the ever-changing insurance landscape.


The Q2 2023 overview of Berkshire Hathaway Insurance Underwriting provides valuable insights into the company's underwriting performance and strategic direction. It underscores the importance of the dual decision-making process in driving the company's success and the need for careful evaluation of underwriting performance.

While the insurance industry is fraught with challenges, Berkshire Hathaway's commitment to delivering long-term value for shareholders is unwavering. Armed with a deep understanding of the company's insurance operations, shareholders can have confidence in Berkshire Hathaway's ability to navigate the waves and continue its legacy of success in the insurance industry.


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